ศูนย์ข้อมูล BIC ขอรายงานข้อมูลแผนยุทธศาสตร์การคมนาคม โลจิสติกส์ และโครงสร้างพื้นฐาน ค.ศ. 2030 ของอุรุกวัย ซึ่งกำหนดแผนการดำเนินงานเพื่อผลักดันให้อุรุกวัยเป็นศูนย์กลางด้านโลจิสติกส์ของภูมิภาคภายในปี ค.ศ. 2030 ดังนี้
Uruguay Logistics Hub
The National Institute of Logistics (INALOG) was created by law in 2010 to optimize the country’s industry competitiveness in the regional and international area.
In 2012, INALOG opened a new office in Old Town Montevideo and launched the brand "Uruguay Logistics Hub" aiming to promote coordination between all actors involved in the logistics sector in order to maximize the competitiveness of this industry in the regional and international levels. INALOG is dedicated to logistics Uruguay provides for the goods in transit and seeks to position the country as a service provider.
Government authorities define INALOG as the result of institutional maturation and fluid exchange between public and private actors, both users and providers of logistics services and the answer to the need of coordination and study of the industry in order to promote it.
The Board is composed of 10 members: four representatives of the public sector, namely Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Economy, Ministry Foreign Affairs and National Port Administration, and six members from the private sectors, which are generators load (2 members), transport (1 representative), port and airport operations (1 member) and logistics (2 members).
"Logistics Hub" is the concept understood internationally in all languages and stresses what the country wants in this area, i.e. to become a true logistics center by 2030.
Strategic Transportation, Logistics and Infrastructure Plan
Background and Objectives
The Uruguayan Ministry of Transport and Public Works (MTOP), through its National Planning and Logistics (DNPL), has set itself the objective of developing a "Strategic Plan for Transport, Logistics and Infrastructure 2030" including other state institutions (local governments, the Office of Planning and Budget, the Ministry of Housing, Lands and Environment and Productive Cabinet) and social actors (political parties, chambers of commerce, organized labor and civil society).
The Plan aims to propose strategic lines of action based on foresight. Uruguay looks forward to strengthen its positioning at regional, continental and global level and long-term horizon (2030). To this end the cooperation between MTOP and the Inter-American Development Bank was agreed for technical and methodological aspects.
Logistics and transport infrastructure should be strongly associated with the country’s ownership of productive development and international integration. Therefore, the first thing to address is to update the study of production chains developed by Office of Planning and Budget in the past. Secondly, a study of geographical locations. Wishing to link geographical locations to productive activities, the design of clusters and investment planning is key during the negotiate with potential investors. Finally, to consolidate the status of Uruguay as the Regional Logistics Pole, it requires a thorough analysis of the regional scenario: how evolve cargo movement is in the region?, what percentage of that load can be channeled through Uruguay?, what are the possible scenarios regarding the productive investments in Brazil and Argentina?, how to increase the competitiveness of Uruguayan ports comparing to Buenos Aires, Rio Grande, Santos?, technical and operational feasibility of a deepwater port, what role will the waterway play in regional freight movement?, how should the regulatory aspects evolve?.
To achieve the objectives the Plan will be implemented in three stages:
1. During the first stage, series of documents will be agreed upon exchange and consultation among MTOP, Productive Cabinet and a multi-disciplinary team. These documents will address qualitative and quantitative upgrading of relevant production chains, together with land and transport infrastructure. They will also establish a preliminary diagnosis of the situation and potential for export logistics, with a list of essential infrastructure projects in order to achieve the best future scenario. A Management Team, composing of MTOP representatives and specially hired crew, will carry out the project at this stage.
2. The second stage will focus on the discussion and exchange of technical inputs with other national government agencies, government departments, political parties and social partners (employers and employees).
Six workshops have been defined for discussion and exchange of views:
1) Connectivity challenges for domestic production. How to effectively anticipate the future production scenarios?
Issues of state of the road network, the trucks, the damage done to the infrastructure, the need of budget, the role of railway transport, the Uruguay River navigation, waterways, airports, shipping.
2) Uruguay as Regional Distribution Center. Value-added of the services offered.
This workshop will analyze all activity associated with logistics, trade facilitation, system of ports and logistics terminals involved in international trade, analysis competition, strengths and weaknesses, etc.
3) How to maintain and develop port competitiveness in the region? Opportunities and threats.
Current competitiveness of regional port system. What improvements and what must be done in major commercial ports of Montevideo, Nueva Palmira, Fray Bentos and La Paloma? Building a deep-water port?
4) Promotion of change in the road network users, working conditions, technological innovation, Road Safety.
How to create better conditions for transport of goods and people by road with efficiency, safely and high professionalism? Workers should be offered training on social responsibility, controls and sanctions system, mechanisms for licensing, technical characteristics of the vehicle fleet and the commitment to advance road safety.
5) Accessibility to small towns and rural areas. Social impacts from the development of the national infrastructure.
What are the cheapest ways to achieve accessibility? (e.g. "Route 4" and collective transport services of passengers).
6) National development agenda, infrastructure and environmental resilience. Sustainable transport.
Impacts on the environment, energy consumption. Ability of our ecosystems to absorb environmental stress without changing its characteristic ecological patterns. Alternative energy flows.
3. The third stage will be the synthesis of agreements, consolidating the Strategic Plan and its